Upscaling of co2 injection in a fractured oil reservoir – sciencedirect c gastronomie brignais


The purpose of this study is to present the numerical evaluation of the upscaling of secondary and tertiary CO 2 flooding at reservoir pressure and temperature. In all simulation cases, CO 2 is injected from the top of the fracture in a fracture-matrix gas out game rules block system and displaces oil toward the bottom of the block. Our gas news uk numerical models provide comprehensive sensitivity analyses that are proved to be important for the upscaling of CO 2 injection from lab to reservoir scale. In addition, we address the scale dependency of the diffusion mechanism in a large matrix-fracture domain.

In our k electric jobs 2016 earlier studies, we have conducted a significant number of reservoir-condition CO 2 flood experiments by employing fractured core systems and North Sea reservoir oil. Our experimental and numerical studies are proved to be useful to investigate the complex physical phenomena affecting the bp gas station efficiency of CO 2 injection in oil recovery from a fracture reservoir. The height of the core plugs used in our experiments varies from 7 to 28 cm while the fracture spacing varies between ∼4 cm and 12 cm. In all electricity worksheets for grade 1 cases, we find the important role of diffusion mechanism in increasing oil recovery in a fracture-matrix system at the lab scale. However, the field matrix block size is often 1-to-2 orders of magnitude larger than that in the lab v lab electricity scale. Recovery mechanisms are significantly affected by the matrix dimension. For instance, the impact of diffusion mechanism on oil recovery may alter with the size of the matrix block and the fracture electricity wikipedia simple english spacing. This highlights the importance of upscaling from lab to the field scale that is addressed in this study.

We employ a compositional reservoir simulation with a developed equation of state (EOS) to model CO 2 injection in a fracture-matrix system at reservoir conditions. In all the numerical simulations, the single-porosity (SP) model consists of a single axial fracture with a typical fracture aperture of 1 mm. The electricity in the body SP model also contains a single matrix block that feeds the producer through fracture next to it. The dimension of the fracture-matrix block varies in the SP models to account for the scale electricity lessons for 5th grade dependency of the results. In our modeling framework, we assume a network of open fractures that are homogenously distributed in the reservoir and links the oil in the matrix to the production when was gas 99 cents in california wells. We initialize the matrix with the North-Sea-Chalk-Field (NSCF) live oil and the fracture with the injected gas (CO 2). The whole displacement process is operated electricity jokes riddles at the constant reservoir conditions of 3750 psia and 110 °C, representing typical NSCF reservoir conditions. Prior to conducting simulations, we successfully tune EOS parameters against the extensive PVT data, sampled from a specific fractured NSCF reservoir. The tuned EOS model assures the proper estimation of the gas national average 2013 complex phase and volumetric properties for CO2 and oil mixtures at reservoir conditions. In addition, the multi-component diffusion coefficients that are tuned using experimental data are mp electricity bill pay indore employed as input parameters for the compositional simulations.

We study the effect of several key parameters on oil recovery; e.g. matrix block size, fracture spacing, CO 2 injection save electricity pictures rate, density difference, vaporization and the diffusion. The results show that the mass transport is mainly dominated by diffusion in the lab scale which is not the case for the gas monkey monster truck large matrix block size. Finally, we test the accuracy of the dual-porosity (DP) model against the SP model at various displacement conditions. Results show that when diffusion and vaporization are significant the DP model fails to predict the results of the SP reservoir model.