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As a youngster, I was captivated by the thought of space travel. I followed the news closely when John Glenn attempted to become the first American to orbit the earth in 1962. After eleven delays due to equipment problems and bad weather, Glenn took off from Cape Canaveral and orbited the earth three times in the Project Mercury spacecraft, the Friendship 7.

Space history was made on February 20, 1962, and postal history was made as well. The 4¢ Project Mercury stamp had been designed, printed, and shipped to 305 Post Offices around the United States in great secrecy. Less than one hour after the Friendship 7 splashed down, those Post Offices received calls from Washington to open the packages marked “Classified – Do Not Open” and the secret was out. News of the new stamp spread quickly by TV and radio, and stamp collectors started lining up to mail First Day Covers bearing the surprise issue. For the first time, an unannounced stamp was made available to the public within one hour of the event that it commemorated.

When adhesive postage stamps came into use in 1840, every letter was cancelled by hand to prevent the stamps from being used again. k electric bill statement Hand cancelling was possible in small Post Offices that handled low volumes of mail, but some time in the mid to late 1800’s postal clerks in busy Post Offices started ‘precancelling’ stamps by writing bars across them before they were sold to save time after the stamps were stuck to letters.

When bulk mailing became a popular way for businesses to reach their customers, unmechanized Post Offices did not have the resources to cancel the huge quantities of letters in a timely manner. To solve this problem, companies could register to use stamps that had been preprinted with cancels that often included bars, town names or numbers. The company benefitted by paying lower rates on bulk mail, and the Post Office saved a step in the processing of large volumes of mail.

Over the years, precancelled stamps and postal stationery have been available in many countries. The best known are stamps from the USA and Canada. Thousands of different types, styles, and varieties exist. The vast array of town names and numbers used on different stamp issues has provided a whole realm of interesting items to collect and study. electricity history timeline Our auction sales regularly offer precancelled stamps including collections.

In the late 1920’s, many small mid-west post offices were being plagued by burglaries. Stolen mint stamps were being transported to other states where they were sold to unsuspecting buyers. In hopes of curtailing these illegal activities, United States Postal Officials considered a plan to overprint stamps of the existing 48 states with the name of the state in which they were sold.

1n 1929, Kansas and Nebraska were chosen as the test states. Eleven different definitive values from 1¢ to 10¢ were overprinted “Kans.” and “Nebr.” and shipped to post offices in those states. Unfortunately the plan never really worked out because the burglars quickly figured out that they would not raise suspicion if they sold the stolen stamps within the same state.

• The genuine mint stamps have 14 vertical gum ridges which were applied after printing to control the amount of gum flow. There is also a single horizontal gum breaker on the genuine issues. These breaker bars were applied 21mm apart to help prevent the sheets from curling. It is possible to have two of the horizontal breakers on the genuine stamps, but they must be at the extreme top and bottom, and 21mm apart. Multiple horizontal gum breakers indicate that the overpint is fake.

Norman Bethune was a Canadian doctor whose drive to improve the quality and availability of health care made him a hero in two countries. Born in 1890 in Gravenhurst, Ontario, Bethune practiced medicine in Canada until 1938. Heavily influenced by his own near-fatal bout of tuberculosis, he strove to make a difference by improving equipment and treatment techniques. Appalled that the medical system was available primarily to affluent members of society, he was an early advocate of socialized medicine. His motives were sometimes mistakenly labeled as political, but he was simply driven by a need to act and to help where help was needed.

Bethune became a national hero in China because of his medical service there. He went to China in 1938 when China was at war with Japan. types of electricity tariff He organized hospitals in the field and served tirelesly as a battle surgeon at great personal risk. Bethune served in China for about 21 months and died there of blood poisoning. I recently enjoyed watching a fine move of his life starring Donald Sutherland.

Freaks & Errors: A Rare Collection, is a film that reveals this little known hobby to create excitement and awareness. In the film, we are searching out who collects stamps and more importantly … why? In addition, we will reveal some of the legendary stories in the hobby. gasbuddy touch The film attempts to uncover the common influences that connect all stamp collectors and whether nurture, nature or both is the driving force behind a collectors “gene”. In addition, we’ll unveil the global world of philatelic business, including high-valued auctions, anonymous collectors, mysteries and scandals.

This film is extremely personal to me, this is a world I grew up in and I’ve always been fascinated on how much it impacted my life. We have been filming fpr the last year and have exhausted our funds. This lead us to Kickstarter, the crowd-sourced community fund raising site. By partnering with Kickstarter, we are pushing to raise awareness of the the film and the hobby, as well as raise additional funds we need to complete production and post-production.

Stamp collecting is not the hobby that it once was, this is in part to technological distractions and overload of other entertainment options, but we have seen the spark ignite in a non-collector’s eye when we mention stamp collecting, the people involved and that we are making a film about it. At the least, we want this film to reach an audience that will leave the theatre with a curiosity and respect for a noble hobby, at the most, we would love to see the same audience become part of the hobby.

I first met Dick at my father’s stamp and coin store in Toronto in the 1960’s where he was a regular visitor. Over the years Dick and I had hundreds of dealings, with both of us buying and selling. He was a frequent bidder in our auctions. He particularly liked nice cancellations as well as postal history from Canada and the British Commonwealth.

Over the years, Dick built a reputation for honesty and integrity. He became a very knowledgeable dealer with many contacts and customers all over Canada, the United States, and overseas. He was known to many of the biggest names in philately. Dick became a leading expert on BNA stamps and served for 10 years on the Greene Foundation Expert Committee in Toronto. A few years ago, Dick was made an honorary member of the Canadian Stamp Dealers’ Association, a distinction that he shared with only a couple of others.

Outside of stamps, Dick’s pastimes included bird watching and gardening. He had a massive vegetable garden behind his house where he seemed to grow enough vegetables to feed an army. Often when visiting other stamp dealers, Dick would take along a basket of fresh produce. electricity a level physics I remember the late Toronto stamp dealer Jim Hennok telling me that Dick Lamb’s tomatoes were the best he ever tasted.

Such was not the case for the residents of Niuafoou, one of the Tongan islands of the South Pacific. The island was nothing more than the tip of a volcano jutting out of the ocean, so Niuafoou had no harbours or beaches, and passenger liners steamed right past. As early as 1882, resourceful islanders realized that the only way to communicate with the outside world was to swim out and meet it! The captains of the passing ocean liners started sealing mail in tin cans and throwing it overboard so that natives (first swimming and later in canoes) could retreive it and take it back to the island.

When a German born trader named Walter Quensell came to Niuafoou, he saw a unique opportunity. For a small fee, he began stamping all incoming and outgoing mail with a "Tin Can Mail" rubber stamp. Soon "Tin Can Mail" became so popular that every cruise ship in the South Pacific made a point of passing by Niuafoou to watch the natives pick up the mail. a gas has People from all over the world sent their fees and self-addressed envelopes so that Quensell would hand stamp them and send them back with a myriad of cachets, both front and back. Quensell was Tonga’s "Tin Can Canoe Mail Man" from 1930 to 1946 when a volcano erupted and Niuafoou was evacuated.

To celebrate the Coronation of King George V of England, a series of special flights was organized to carry mail between London and Windsor in September of 1911. Aviation was still fairly new as only eight years had passed since the Wright Brothers flew in 1903. While there had been earlier mail flights, the United Kingdom Aerial Post was the world’s first sustained air mail service, lasting from September 9th to September 26th, 1911.

Great Britain’s Postmaster General authorized these flights to carry specially printed envelopes and postcards that were sold to the public at various outlets, collected in special boxes, and then taken to either London or Windsor to be put aboard a flight. The envelopes and cards were sold with stamps already affixed. The envelopes were franked with 1 pence stamps, and the cards with ½ pence stamps. Since air mail stamps did not exist yet, and the flights were costly, the envelopes were sold to the public for 1 shilling 1 pence, and the postcards were sold for 6½ pence, to raise the necessary funds.

Each envelope or card had an inscription at the bottom that varied depending on whether the item was to be flown from London or Windsor. There were sixteen flights from London to Windsor, but only two flights from Windsor to London, so the latter are naturally much scarcer. q gases componen el aire It is our experience that it is harderto find the envelopes than the postcards of any of these flights.

Before 1840, mailing a letter in Britain was a complicated matter. The rate for each letter had to be calculated on its weight and the distance that it had to travel. The postman collected the fee from the addressee, not the sender, and after a letter had been carried over a great distance, the fee might not even be paid. Inefficiency resulted in high costs that made the postal system inaccessible to the masses. A man named Rowland Hill saw the need for reform, and the result was a uniform, lower postal rate that was prepaid by the sender.

It was Hill’s idea to affix a little piece of paper to each letter as proof that the fee had been paid. The first adhesive postage stamp, the Penny Black, was printed in 1840. Since Great Britain was the first country in the world to print postage stamps, it probably did not occur to anyone to put the country name on the stamps. Even today, a stamp without a country name must be from Great Britain.

At the same time that the Penny Black appeared, Great Britain introduced the world’s first postal stationery. Mulready envelopes and letter sheets were sold in One Penny and Two Penny denominations. Elaborately illustrated with patriotic designs by William Mulready, they did not prove to be popular at the time, but they are very collectible today.

A British Crown Colony since 1833, the Falkland Islands are located in the South Atlantic about 300 miles east of the Straits of Magellan at the southern limit of South America. There are two main islands and about 200 small islands, many of which are uninhabited. The islands are small, having a combined land area of only 4,700 square miles, but their location gives them a strategic value that was demonstrated in both World Wars. gastric sleeve scars In December 1914, the British Naval Squadron from Stanley, the capital city, defeated the German fleet at the Battle of the Falkland Islands and thus regained control of the South Atlantic. This battle is commemorated by the Battle Monument depicted on the 2sh6p value of the famous Centenary set. Twenty-five years later in December of 1939, a Royal Navy Squadron won the Battle of the River Plate, again allowing Britain to control the South Atlantic.

Argentina has long laid claim to the islands. Perhaps the most famous event in Falkland history occurred when the Argentine military invaded the islands in April of 1982, sparking an international conflict. The short-lived Falklands War ended in June 1982 when the Argentine forces surrendered to the British military after fierce sea, land and air battles.