Volatile organic compound sensors – the future of cancer detection gas ark


• Professor Han Jin from Ningbo University focuses on developing novel diagnostic technologies based on profiling volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in breath samples. jokes gas prices VOC patterns can be used to identify different diseases and distinguish between different types of cancer. To achieve his goal of developing a novel VOC breath sensor for early stage disease diagnosis, Professor Jin must create a highly sensitive and accurate sensor that can be used in clinical environments. The team and cooperators must also develop a detailed database that associates specific VOC biomarkers with certain diseases.

Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally. According to the World Health Organization, one in six deaths is due to cancer. Survival rates can vary drastically depending on the type of cancer, its severity and how early it is detected. Testicular cancer, prostate cancer and malignant melanoma all have survival rates in excess of 80%. However, other cancer types, such as lung, stomach, brain and pancreatic, are much more difficult to diagnose and treat and survival is often less than 20%.

Early diagnosis significantly enhances treatment success and survival rate. gas city indiana newspaper Indeed, disease prevention is a much more cost-effective approach compared to treatment of the cancer. However, some available diagnostic methods lack enough sensitivity and specificity to be truly effective at detecting cancer in its earliest stages. arkla gas phone number This inspired Professor Han Jin and his team to develop novel, inexpensive and non-invasive technologies to improve cancer detection, increasing the chance of survival. These pioneering diagnostic tools are based on the analysis of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) which originate from diseased cells.

Breath analysis can identify the specific VOCs released from cells and their surrounding micro-environment. Interestingly, it has been shown that VOCs derived from cancer patients exhibit specific patterns that are significantly different from healthy individuals. This exciting finding suggests that breath testing has the potential to diagnose some early-stage cancers. k electric company To further advance this as a suitable screening tool, Professor Jin and his team need to overcome two key challenges: i) the development of an informative database that contains all the VOC profiles that correspond to specific cancers and ii) the development of highly sensitive VOC sensors. In collaboration with Qi Diagnostics Ltd (a pioneering biotechnology company based in Hong Kong that designs innovative tools for detecting early-stage diseases), Professor Jin and his team are co-developing a tailor-made artificial intelligence sensor array based on volatolomics (the study of VOCs). With the help of Qi Diagnostics Ltd, the team are also collating a highly detailed VOC database and creating an artificial intelligence algorithm for data analysis.

A thoroughly detailed database which can match VOC biomarkers to a specific disease is essential for the success of the screening. For instance, five kinds of VOCs have been verified as lung cancer diagnostic biomarkers including ethylbenzene, styrene and hexanal. However, despite the potential of VOC profiling as a diagnostic tool, only a few VOC databases have been developed by the scientific community. Of those that exist, the majority are focused on the structural information of scent or microbial emitted VOCs, rather than specifically focussing on VOCs as biomarkers for disease. Therefore, more profiling needs to be done to be able to effectively identify a wide range of diseases, including different types of cancer.

The team (including Qi Diagnostics Ltd) are currently working on establishing this database which will include both detailed qualitative and quantitative information on the VOC profile. gas x strips review To do this, Professor Jin and his colleagues will use gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) which is an effective tool to identify VOC biomarkers in exhaled breath. However, it is important to note that confounding factors such as the patient’s age, gender and clinical history may affect the VOC profile. The accuracy of the test must therefore be interrogated. The team will begin by establishing a lung-cancer specific database with breath samples collected from Hong Kong hospitals and will then create a database for lung cancer, colorectal cancer and heart failure.

Currently, there are a wide range of gas sensors and sensor arrays used for the detection of VOCs. world j gastrointestinal oncol impact factor For example, colorectal sensors, quartz microbalance sensors, surface acoustic wave sensors and chemiresistors or chemicapacitors. gas definition science However, these methods used for VOC detection are limited by humidity which can interfere with their performance. Furthermore, these sensors are not effective at classifying complex VOC mixtures. Therefore, Professor Jin and his team are focused on developing an inexpensive, portable and highly sensitive VOC detector.

Recently, Professor Jin and his colleagues investigated ways in which to improve the sensitivity of electrochemical sensors. One way in which this was achieved was by using UV illumination to enhance the electrochemical reaction. Interestingly, the performance of the illuminated sensor was not affected by low operating temperatures and humidity changes. Furthermore, illumination regulation of the electrochemical reaction resulted in a two-fold increase in the sensing magnitude and sensitivity and these sensors were able to identify more gases (e.g. six VOCs by using three sensors) compared to non-illuminated sensors. These exciting findings suggest that the light-regulated electrochemical reaction used in these studies could be used for designing compact and highly effective VOC sensing devices for clinical applications.

Invested in by Qi Diagnostics Ltd, Professor Jin and his team have designed revolutionary diagnostic tools based on VOCs that have the potential to identify cancers early on, increasing the chance of survival. electricity trading jobs However, there are many challenges that must be overcome before these VOC sensors can be clinically used. Currently, many scientists focus on materials science and investigating novel algorithms. However, it is of vital importance that more researchers focus their efforts on developing novel sensing devices and improve their knowledge of the complex relationship between VOC biomarkers and the disease in question.

Perhaps the most significant challenge that Professor Jin and his team must overcome is the lack of informative and detailed databases. Although Professor Jin and Qi Diagnostics Ltd are devoting more effort to this research, creating such a database will be extremely time-consuming, expensive and complex as confounding factors such as gender, age and living habits may affect the accuracy of the breath test. Therefore, these databases must consider these variables. However, in the future it may be easier to determine how these variables affect VOC composition in breath samples, improving the accuracy of the results. For example, using a combination of Artificial Intelligence, big data analysis, descriptive analytics (measuring what has happened), predictive analytics (using the descriptive data to predict likely outcomes) and prescriptive analytics could help.