We need new names_ beyond the quagmire of 1948

South Africans have the habit of turning people into symbols. Gas efficient cars under 10000 We are not unique in this habit, but the practice of taking the living, fleshed existence of a person and turning it into an idea or a political principle has become a habit in the post-millennial republic. Nyc electricity cost per kwh And occasionally taking flesh and making it mean something beyond itself pretends to be progressive, despite its clearly politically pernicious and dehumanising consequences.

South Africa was for centuries a place in which, as Bessie Head said, ‘people [were] separated into sharp racial groups … It is as though with all those divisions and signs, you end up with no people at all’. Gas monkey cast Bureaucracies were dedicated to policing those boundaries, devising tests and measures to make sure no human body fell between the cracks, each person assigned a label, even as many refused to conform to the invented orders of raciological pseudo-science and scientific racism.

The aetiology and consequences of this dehumanisation through colonialism and apartheid have been well documented. Gas laws worksheet answers and work Any literate, educated person who wanted to could easily access the material, and begin to make sense of their life in relation to the larger historical canvas against which it was lived, and is still being lived. Electricity towers health risks After all, racist bureaucracies kept meticulous records, because policing bodies takes effort, and requires institutionalised memory. Wikipedia electricity consumption And many of our scholars, writers and scientists have commented on those records and their terrible effects.

But the habits learned in earlier times do not disappear in later epochs. Electricity use in the us Some South Africans may want to think of themselves as ‘ beyond race’, while others have decided that to counter the political quagmire of deracination and its erasures of the causes of inequality and inequity, they must insist on race re-classification. E85 gas stations in houston While we think of apartheid and its ugly processing of human beings as past, an historical event we have now done with, in addition to having to live out and in resistance to its long-term horrors well beyond its abolition, its terms surround us every single day, spilling forth from the mouths of people who were born well after that symbolic day in May 1994.

The return of ‘race’ (or race, neither of which are synonymous with racism, though they are foundational for its exercise) to prominence in contemporary South African public discourse, is hardly surprising, and it is debatable whether it ever went away. Gas unlimited This ‘reappearance’ is the consequence of the unfinished business of apartheid left unaddressed this deep into the post-millennial republic. Electricity generation capacity It is in a sense what Hélène Cixous in another context calls the return of the repressed, ‘an explosive return, which is absolutely shattering, staggering, overturning with a force never let loose before’. Electricity sources usa Its destructive potential cannot be underestimated, and dare not be understated.

Instead of thinking through ‘race’ to abolish racism, instead of doing the hard but necessary work of undoing the mis-education into raciological unthought based on scientific error and failures in reasoning which dominated the past, many South Africans continue to invest in debunked ideas about the world and their places in it. La gasolina cancion For the better part of the last decade of the previous century, South Africans were asked to re-imagine themselves as a ‘Rainbow Nation’, which it turned out, as J.M. Gas up the jet Coetzee showed, to be little more than a sanitised repackaging of Verwoerdian notions of a veelvolkige polity in which ‘good neighbourliness’ required the stark and dehumanising separations criticised by Head above. Hp gas online complaint Whatever we repressed in the 1990s, now returns with a vengeance.

Many still insist on the reality of ‘race’, citing its role in their lives or clinging to their possessive investment in its false ability to explain (and explain away) phenomena or chimaera. Gas exchange in the lungs happens by the process of Some of the most prominent and public writers and speakers will often base their analysis of social and political phenomena on old administrative categories – some as rancid as those from the period of colonial conquest, violation and dispossession; others from the extension and internalisation of that period through the policies loosely called ‘apartheid’ epitomised by that vilest piece of dehumanising legislation which reads like nonsense doggerel, the Population Registration Act 1950.

The histories by which those old categories were inscribed, policed, contested and resisted, then disproven, the political struggles by which the dehumanised victims of apartheid reclaimed their right to define themselves differently from the ways in which white supremacy and its beneficiaries insisted on misnaming them, have all been erased by so many, and so quickly. Gas evolution reaction The ways in which we shifted from ‘black’ in reference to the phenotypical differences infused with meaning and political consequence by colonial and apartheid racism, to ‘Black’ as a way of speaking of resistance to and refusal of such dehumanising, have either been forgotten by or remain unknown to many.

Of course when we look at the world in any critical analysis meant to improve human beings’ lives in it we dare not deny that ‘race’ plays a role. La gasolina mp3 But ‘race’ is neither static, nor is it the sole ghostly figment or political construct that affects the ways in which power is exercised unequally, and the ways in which resource distribution results in, perpetuates, and exacerbates inequity. J gastroenterol impact factor But the astute critic knows that political progress can be had from looking at how ‘race’ (or race) is used to make sense of the world, rather than using ‘race’ (or race) to make sense of the world. A gas has Robert Miles taught us that important lesson a generation ago.

But while old terms are clung to with surprising earnestness, old lessons are unlearned or forgotten with alarming speed and thoroughness. Electricity storage cost per kwh In the moments of greatest despair it may feel as if white supremacy has triumphed, if only because of the vocal insistence by so many who know so little in terms and tones replete with rectitude and righteousness. 4 gases in the atmosphere Before the big questions confronting many trying to become more fully human, and inclusively so, ‘race’ and racism are conflated, and uninformed, facile opining asserts itself to displace generations of scientific inquiry and political struggle. Gas near me app José Ortega y Gasset would have much to say on this.

Whether someone has won a sports medal or a dance contest, whether a person is elected to political office or merely doing something as marginally significant as thinking through political issues in public spaces, the endless recall of such human beings to one or other old, foetid category invented to shore up anxious, intellectually fraudulent and morally indolent white supremacy, misses the point of struggling for political progress altogether. Electricity 2pm Worst, such bio-logistical policing is sometimes done in the name of anti-racism or some misguided programme which imagines that ‘race’ no longer matters.

‘Race’ is not real, but like many other unreal things, it has real consequences. Z gas tecate In our attempts to undo those consequences, we may need to caution ourselves against reifying the unrealities. Gas leak explosion We may need to let go of the certainties we live by, to embrace the new freedoms that we have yet to imagine, and yet to experience. K electric bill payment online In a nuanced essay published in Chimurenga (2002), the poet and critic Rustum Kozain, examining the distressing persistence of raciological essentialisms without strategy, denounces the resort to anecdotal evidence from ‘informants’ who speak authenticity and truth to those of us who continue to be the doubting Thomases of the ‘race’ discourse symptomatic of so much South African public thought on questions of ‘race’ as ‘parochial, limiting; and it feeds racism’.

We do indeed need new names, as NoViolet Bulawayo says in relation to a neighbouring space, echoing Bessie Head, who warned us in the 1970s that ‘We may be at a turning point and need new names for human dignity’. Electricity bill calculator Because sometimes the words we think and speak and write, what we call ourselves and one another, constitute misnaming, trap us in old ways of thinking and being, and deny our ability to move beyond the old categories. Electricity in costa rica voltage As Zoë Wicomb has it in ‘Another Story’ (1990): ‘Lexical vigilance was a matter of mental hygiene: a regular rethinking of words in common use, like cleaning out rotten food from the back of a refrigerator where no one expects food to rot and poison the rest’.

We are asked to invest in new beliefs in the post-apartheid South African polity, but in some respects many of us continue to live in the old house. Electricity facts And as Nietzsche reminds us, ‘the overthrow of beliefs is not immediately followed by the overthrow of institutions; rather, the new beliefs live for a long time in the now desolate and eerie house of their predecessors, which they themselves preserve, because of the housing shortage’.

We need not continue to be the children and grandchildren of the moral torpor and intellectual indolence of the Population Registration Act 1950; the dubious Biology engendered by scientific racism need not be our collective or individual destiny. Grade 9 electricity formulas Colouring inside the old lines is neither required nor recommended if you want a truer, more textured freedom from old wounds, old scars, and old traps.

We must all dare to dream with Bessie Head, that visionary artist and scrupulous critic of the world we insist we have left behind: ‘There [can be] a world apart from petty human hatreds and petty human social codes and values where the human soul roamed free in all its splendour and glory’. Gas 1981 We owe it to our children and their children, and more importantly, to ourselves, to strive towards that place, one tiny step after another, away from what we knew once with such certainty, but now, in the slightly clearer light of these new days, may prove to have been false, and falsifying.