Which is best monthly current affairs magazine for upsc prep 1. vajiram, 2. vision, 3. raus, 4. insights – quora electricity lessons 4th grade


When I was preparing for my first prelims I used to be very afraid when I saw someone reading a different book for the same topic that I was preparing. Those were the very testing times as you require self-confidence as much as knowledge of the subject matter.

Ideally you should cover relevant information from one major newspaper like The Hindu plus Press Information Bureau and Yojana of about one and half years before the date of your exam to increase your chances of attempting more questions from current affairs.

Below I have just copy-pasted a news from The Hindu newspaper. The information which was relevant for the exam is highlighted by me, based on my experience to clear the Prelims again and again with a comfortable score. Followed by the news I have given the material you should have noted down after going through the given news after taking help from from online sources which is utmost necessary to get the edge in the exam as you must be aware about the competition in the exam.

Mass hatching of olive ridley eggs was expected to start at Rushikulya from April 7 or 8. “Because of the rain the sand temperature has come down and this may delay the mass hatching of eggs by a few days. It may start from April 10 or 11,” said Berhampur Divisional Forest Officer Ashis Behera.

Buried under the sand, the olive ridley eggs incubate on their own in the ambient heat of the beach. The sudden rain has dampened the sand and also reduced the temperature of the eggs in the olive ridley nests. “This drop in sand temperature is expected to extend the incubation period of the olive ridley eggs. But nothing can be said for sure,” said the DFO.

The rain has also tightened the sand covering the eggs in the nests. But as the rainfall was not very heavy, the olive ridley nests have not been affected by the rainwater or the sea waves. Tight sand cover becomes a hindrance for the hatchlings trying to come out of the nest. “The sun will surely dry up the sand in the next few days and the newborn turtles will have no problem when they will hatch after almost a week,” said Mr. Behera.

Unlike 2017, the rainfall during the incubation period in 2018 is not going to have any major impact on the sex determination of the olive ridley hatchlings. In reptiles like turtles, sex determination of the offspring within the eggs happens during thermo-sensitive period (TSP).

Average incubation period of olive ridley eggs is 45 days. Fall in temperature during TSP usually leads to birth of male hatchlings. This year, the rain has occurred at the end of the TSP, so it will have little impact on the sex determination. In 2017, rainfall had occurred during TSP due to which most hatchlings were males.

The mass nesting of olive ridleys at Rushikulya rookery coast ended on February 27. According to the Forest Department, this year a record 4,45,091 mother olive ridleys laid their eggs at this coast during the seven-day-long mass nesting period. The figure surpassed the 2017 mass nesting number of around 3,65,000 turtles. Each nest contains around 80 to 100 eggs.

Often, eggs incubated at low temperatures produce one sex, whereas eggs incubated at higher temperatures produce the other. There is only a small range of temperatures that permits both males and females to hatch from the same brood of eggs.

Approximately 1 hatchling survives to reach adulthood for every 1000 hatchlings that enter the sea waters. This may also be the reason why arribadas happen and a single female can lay 80 to 120 eggs and sometimes even twice in a season; to increase the hatchlings’ survival rate.

Last year, the Home Ministry gave up its power and asked the Assam government to take a decision on continuing AFSPA in the State. The Act gives powers to the Army and the Central forces deployed in “disturbed areas” to kill anyone acting in contravention of law, arrest and search any premises without a warrant and provide cover to forces from prosecution and legal suits without the Centre’s sanction.

“The discussion on the Naga political situation is on and we are expecting the Government of India to solve the problem at the earliest. We have requested to lift AFSPA but we have been asked to wait for some time. When the solution (Naga deal) comes, automatically AFSPA will go,” Mr. Patton said.

“It is a joint effort by the State government and the Centre. Security is a subject where both the Centre and the State should come together without any politics. In Assam also the situation has improved, that is why the Home Ministry withdrew it but it is imposed by the State government.”