Why is russia such a powerful country – quora electricity names superheroes

#########

Economics: The boom in energy commodity prices from 2003-2008 allowed a petro state like Russia to develop public spending on a significant scale gas mask bong how to use, so much so that it reformed its military to the extent it is able to protect its influence internationally. Putin’s intervention in Syria parallels Russia’s colonial great game competition of the 20th century- admittedly Syria is not a colony, however Russia’s foreign policy sends a clear message to the world, that it should at least be ‘perceived’ as a force to be reckoned with.

Leadership: Before I continue let me distinguish that I in no way agree with Putin’s methods, that said there is difference between ‘good’ leadership and ‘strong’ leadership. Russia is a state that has collapsed twice in less than a 100 years, it has no real history of strong institutions, in this sense it requires a strong leader to ‘hold the state together’. Putin has successfully patrimonialised all state apparatus to his own control. Gasprom is the state owned energy company that indirectly answers to Putin, he controls the law, the media and even elections (through the consolidation of local constituencies into 7 ‘super’ voting regional areas). Any influential figure who opposed him has been either imprisoned, murdered, exiled, intimidated or marginalised. Google Mikhail Khodorkovdky, Victor Litvinenko, Boris Berezovsky and Boris e gasoline Nemstov (to name a few). The fact that Putin has removed all opposition and now controls all institutions means he can operate unhindered.

That said there are two serious issues, Russia needs to export oil and gas to maintain its spending, since 2009 energy commodity prices plunged and as of 2014 oil prices have dramatically fallen. Russia’s currency the Ruble is indexed to energy exports, so when commodity prices fall so does its value hence gas 6 weeks pregnant why Russia is currently in a financial crisis (not helped by the current sanctions again it either). Russia (and the world) will unlikely see a return to commodity prices pre-2009 therefore, despite the countries mass reserves, economically it is already beginning and will continue to declin. Russia will be unable to maintain its military spending, which is the locomotive of its foreign policy and that is when its troubles will begin. Despite news reports fearmongering of Russia using energy security as a weapon, it needs to export energy more then consumers need to import it from Russia. The multiple occasions Russia has turned off the taps to Ukraine within a month or so they are usually turned back on. The EU imports 1/3 of its gas from Russia yet this accounts for 70% of Russia’s export. Turkey is the second largest importer of Russian gas, likely the reason we did not see a notable retaliation from Russia over the shooting down of its aircraft on Turkish airspace. Gasprom is already taking steps that it said it would never do, such as selling gas contracts on British auction markets over taking long term fixed prices for them; this is all a clear signal that Russia recognises the predicament it is in and is attempting to work within EU frameworks to appease opponents in order minimise the impact on Russia’s economy.

The second issue is that when states construct cult gas hydrates energy of personality style leaderships around authoritarian rulers, they are not easily replaced. Putin has high popularity ratings and hence as a large reserve of social capital to spend on unpopular decisions that other leaders would not have the privilege of. Putin is 63, the end of his reign will happen in our lifetime and when it does there is certainly potential for catastrophe particularly when he has consolidated all institution obedience to himself. Russia also faces many challenges, it has a large Muslim population, the majority of Russia’s decision to intervene in Syira was to prevent instability spreading to areas such as Dagestan and Chechnya. There have been two Chechen Wars in recent history with Putin installing Ramzan Kadyrov (a warlord with a brutal reputation) as head of the Chechen Republic to maintain order there. There is also a large amount of civil electricity 2pm unrest in Russia itself with the dissatisfaction of the Putin regime, between 2011-13 some political scientists proclaimed a ‘Russin Spring’ was imminent, however attention was diverted with the Russian annexation of Crimea that boosted Putin’s popularity ratings.

In short Russia has been made great as a result of Putin gasco abu dhabi location himself and the convergence of fortunate circumstance with the energy commodity boom of 2003. Under Yeltsin the promises of Russian liberalism could not be fulfilled due to lack of economic stability, had the commodity boom occurred under him perhaps we’d be looking at a far more progressive Russia today. But Russia is not without its challenges, if the economics fail again Russia is sitting on a fault line of identity issues that could descend into a populist atrocity. Putin himself came to power from obscurity, his KGB service record is far from spectacular, he did not stand out as a great leader at the time, not wishing to focus on conspiracy theories I think it’s highly likely he came ‘to the throne’ via inner workings and support from a deep state organisation that will attempt to exert control over the state after Putin has left. Finally lets be realistic, Russia grade 9 static electricity test is currently only perceived as great due to its recent foreign policy actions, economically it is far from great and it risks slipper between the cracks of an expanding EU to the east and China to the West (I do not wish to already lengthen a lengthy post but for more information Google Eurasian Economic Union). As I have previously said, I do not agree with Putin’s methods of targeted assassinations and authoritarian control but in a state as unstable as Russia I concede that the reality of the situation is, Putin may be the leader that Russia needed.