Why were this company’s computers attacked millions of times this year algae. – the washington post electricity water analogy animation


It’s not usually the stuff of trade secrets, but Algenol, a company with about 125 employees, is developing technology that converts algae biomass into transportation fuels, including biodiesel and gasoline — all while consuming the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide rather than gsa 2016 calendar producing it. Algenol’s work would interest anyone who wants to curb climate change. As the Chinese government tries to limit the hazardous pollution that has upset its citizens, it has set out to increase biofuel production tenfold.

“This is not at all unusual. China has made the decision to focus on alternative energy as a topic of industrial espionage,” said James Andrew Lewis, a cybersecurity expert at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. He said the Chinese government and state-owned enterprises have targeted trade secrets for soap, house paint and wooden furniture. “It doesn’t have to be about national security,” Lewis said.

Algenol isn’t alone in its battle against Chinese computer attacks. In May, the Justice Department indicted five members of the Chinese military on charges of hacking into computers and stealing trade secrets from leading steel, nuclear-power and solar-power gas house eggs firms. China denied the charges. Foreign Ministry spokesman Qin Gang said in a statement that they were “purely ungrounded and absurd,” adding that the United States had “fabricated facts” in the indictment.

Algenol’s real expertise isn’t its computer technology. It lies in a field in Fort Myers, Fla., where the company is letting thousands of plastic bags of algae bake in the sun. The company pumps carbon dioxide and some brackish water into the bags and produces four transportation fuels — ethanol, gasoline, diesel and jet fuel. Woods says it can do this for about $1.27 a gallon thanks to proprietary techniques.

The Canadian-born Woods, who retired to Florida after making a fortune in the natural gas distribution business, and a Mexican businessman initially invested $70 million in the venture a few years electricity 101 powerpoint ago after the price of oil surged past $50 a barrel. In 2009, the Energy Department tapped money under the economic stimulus program and gave Algenol a $25 million grant. India’s Reliance Industries later invested more.

In tracing the source of the attacks on Algenol, Voth has looked to a public report by Mandiant, a reputable Alexandria-based Internet security firm. The firm traced “advanced persistent threats” to a cyber-espionage unit of the People’s Liberation Army — the second bureau of the general staff’s third department. Voth said the IP addresses and servers he tracked were the same as the ones in the Mandiant report.

Algenol executives did not know 5 gases found in the environment that Aliyun was the cloud computing part of Alibaba, and they never tried to make contact. (Yun is the Chinese character for cloud.) Instead, Algenol focused its efforts on fending off rather than reaching out. Voth z gas el salvador numero de telefono said people at one Aliyun IP address had “tried systematically over the last 10 months to get in,” attempting about 135 times in a “very clever” way to avoid setting off Algenol’s security system.

Alibaba initially told Algenol that it had blocked access from its server to Algenol and that the company would “continue to investigate who hijacked their computers, and inform local police with any evidence,” Woods said in an e-mail. “That’s the part that worries me, because I think local Chinese police are going to do NOTHING to protect Algenol.”

In the end, Alibaba said in a statement that it had conducted “a record-by-record analysis of every log and piece of data Algenol provided. We have provided Algenol numerous specific instances where the electricity manipulation data they provided us was mischaracterized by their systems, and Algenol provided us no direct evidence of hacking against their systems.”

The company said, however, that it “did discover that a single customer’s virtualized server had been compromised and that there was evidence that the server had been used as a botnet host to scan for other vulnerable hosts on the Internet.” A botnet is a network of malicious software planted on the computers of unwitting hosts and used to send out spam e-mail messages, spread viruses, attack computers and servers, and commit other kinds of crime and fraud.

It’s common that these attacks come through cloud computing services. A quarterly threat assessment by the private Internet security firm Solutionary said gas and supply okc that the United States hosts 44 percent of all malware. It said that “the cloud has become a preferred mode for attackers” and that “use of major hosting provides, such as Amazon or Google, allows malware distributors to originate traffic from trusted address spaces that . . . would not likely draw suspicion based on IP address alone.”