Wisconsin’s gerrymander being struck down should scare republicans nationwide – the washington post j gastroenterol hepatol impact factor

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On Monday, a federal district court struck down Wisconsin’s state legislative districts, saying they were unconstitutionally gerrymandered to favor Republicans. The ruling is the first in three decades b games zombie — and the second in the nation’s history — to strike down a district plan on partisan, rather grade 9 electricity than racial, grounds. And if other courts follow suit, the design of state legislative districts in more than a dozen other states could meet a similar fate.

Numerous times since the civil rights era, courts have struck down how partisan state legislatures set up legislative districts on the grounds gas exchange in the lungs occurs due to that those decisions diminished the political power of racial minorities. But courts have been far less likely to intervene in cases where states organized voting districts to boost one party, preferring to not get involved in explicitly political ideal gas kinetic energy matters.

This was why the decision Monday by the federal District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin was so significant. The k gas station jobs court found that the Republican-held legislature had intentionally manipulated district lines to favor Republican candidates. And that manipulation was so extreme, it found, that it violated the “one person, one vote” principle and the Democratic voters’ rights to fair representation required by the Constitution’s promises of equal 7 cases movie protection.

Essentially, the efficiency gap compares the number of one party’s votes that are, to use the professors’ term, “wasted,” compared to the other’s. Consider a legislative district where the Republican candidate received 1,000 votes and the Democrat got 700. Here, 299 Republican votes are wasted — the outcome of the election would have been gas after eating bread the same whether the Republicans earned 701 votes or 1,000. Similarly, 700 Democratic votes are gas after eating wasted, as the result wouldn’t change if the Democrats had received no votes at all.

The election outcome in that district alone certainly wouldn’t be considered unfair. But if a similar pattern appears across the emitra electricity bill payment state — more Democratic than Republican votes being wasted — it’s possible the map was drawn to systemically favor Republican candidates. If far more Democratic votes are “wasted” than Republican, Republicans could earn gas efficient cars under 15000 significantly more seats than Democrats, even if they had similar vote totals. In other words, Democrats would be less efficient at turning their votes into legislative seats — hence the term “efficiency gap.”

That said, striking down those 15 maps is far from automatic. For starters, the plaintiff must also electricity diagram flow prove that legislators intended to advantage their party in drawing the lines, which the Wisconsin plaintiffs did using expert testimony and other evidence about the legislative process. The 76 gas station credit card login plaintiff must also argue that there’s no other legitimate reason — such as a state’s underlying political geography — that the efficiency gap would be so large.

And the court did not explicitly endorse the 7 percent threshold the plaintiffs advocated. So, if and when a threshold is set, more or fewer states could be subject to having static electricity zapper their map overturned. “They didn’t need to set a threshold in this case. But whatever you set it at, Wisconsin is far outside,” said Ruth Greenwood, a litigator on the plaintiff’s side.

Stephanopoulos, who is involved in that case z gas tijuana telefono as well, has advocated that a bias of two congressional seats should be the 4 gas laws threshold to determine whether a gerrymander is unconstitutional. (An efficiency gap is put into “seat” terms by multiplying the percentage gap by the total number of congressional seats held by the state. Stephanopoulos considers this measure optimal for congressional plans since large efficiency gaps in small states should be viewed as relatively inconsequential.)