Wretched excess the rebellion of the wide-leg pant static electricity how it works


From the start, he hated his position in the royalty. Edward hated tradition, hated uniform, and like many other young people of his era, just wanted to have fun. a gas has Philip Mann’s landmark book, The Dandy at Dusk, closely examines the Prince/King/Duke’s impact on modern men’s fashion, which mostly consisted of small tweaks to the agreed-upon modern man’s uniform. These tweaks are only radical when one considers the larger context for Edward’s small rebellions, one far more conservative and stodgy than today.

Edward came of age during the First World War and like many of his peers, became disillusioned with the whole “king and country” rigamarole. He was a part of that legendary “lost generation,” a term coined by the American writer, Gertrude Stein. Quoted by Hemingway in his A Moveable Feast, Stein puts it best, “You are a lost generation. electricity history timeline You have no respect for anything. You drink yourselves to death.” But who could blame the young people who had survived WWI, the world’s first large-scale mechanized war? Edward, like Hemingway, drank and womanized once he was out of uniform, but there was an important distinction between the two. Edward was going to have to rule his country.

The undergrads at Oxford could get away with obscenely large pants, but the Duke’s inner circle couldn’t let him dress quite so extravagantly. So, inch by inch, he persuaded his tailor to expand his hems. electricity a level physics The Duke also popularized cuffs, which were necessary for these wider, flowing garments, although he was oft-mocked for wearing them in royal contexts. We also have Edward to thank for the double-breasted suit jacket, which he preferred, since it could be worn without a waistcoat. Again, a choice made for comfiness’ sake.

Edward’s extremely public pursuit of comfort and pleasure made his fashion statements seem ever more relevant in a changing and rebellious world. k electric bill statement His unique style had immense pull across the Atlantic in the U.S.A., where he had his trousers made in an American style. High on the hips and worn with a belt, instead of the formal English extreme-high-waist and braces. Fred Astaire, a fashion icon in his own right, wrote of Edward, “HRH was unquestionably the best-dressed young man in the world and I was missing none of it.”

Discontent had been brewing among Mexican-Americans living in LA for some time—well, really since the city was founded. gas dryer vs electric dryer safety Strict racial zoning laws prevented non-whites from living in the nicer parts of the city and the powers that be seemed intent on restricting Mexican-American upward mobility. Even though the U.S. was committing itself to joining in the Second World War and a wave of patriotism was sweeping the country, many latinx and other people of color didn’t exactly feel included. Executive Order 9066 had interned Japanese-Americans in concentration camps in the most hostile parts of the American West and African-Americans, when they were allowed to join the war efforts, were shunted off into the most dangerous and unrewarding divisions in the Army.

In the immediate aftermath of the Sleepy Lagoon Murder, the LAPD rounded up nearly 600 young Mexican men around the city for questioning. gasbuddy touch The tell-tale sign of “deviancy” was the young people’s clothing. Those draped, excessive suits stuck out like sore thumbs among folks wearing the state-ordained slim suits of the time. Even though Mexican-Americans joined up en masse (350,000 would ultimately serve), those who wore the coolest, edgiest suit of the day were condemned as un-American and unpatriotic.

Buying zoot suits from bootleg tailors may have been motivated by some degree of discontent with the state of the country, but the simpler reason is that they were cool. They had taken on a rebellious tint after the fabric rationing, but they were still relatively easy to get. Unfortunately, an intensely racist atmosphere made this harmless fashion statement into a far more dangerous situation. White youths of the same era were also rebelling—albeit by wearing jeans in suburban neighborhoods—but only for young people of color could an edgy wardrobe choice spell danger.