Wwi without america page 4 alternate history discussion gas and electric credit union

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Click to expand…Pre war, the Germans had a radio in West Africa that could broadcast to all of South America, so it is not he shore to ship. Are you talking about the U-boat to shore range? While less certain on this one, i believe the U-boats sent messages reporting on their patrol as they rounded Scotland. I look at this a good bit for my TL. There gas monkey would have been radio issues in the first weeks or perhaps even months of the war, but this was because a U-boat was viewed as a day-time torpedo boat that was to be used within electricity edison 100-200 miles of port. Doctrine normally had them return to in or near port each night when the torpedo boats would go out. So there is no need for longer range radios. As time passed, they increased the range of the radios as the need arose.

I see immense doctrinal issues in figuring out wolf packs. But if went back in time and were limited to not giving any new technologies, it would be easier to do wolf packs in WW1 than WW2. For most of the war, once a U-boat dives, it is as safe as an Ohio class submarine. U-boats can break contract if discovered near 100% of time. IOTL in WW2, most contacts were found by submarines not scouting aircraft. You can gas 2015 cover this as well as Germans did IOTL in WW2 ITTL with Zeppelins. If you can fly to East Africa, you can do round trip to west of British Isles. Radios had the 3 gases in the air range. Torpedoes were more reliable, even though really both would mostly be using deck guns until convoys got more efficient. Both wars have issues with broken codes. U-boats have enough speed to follow on surface at distance.

And I am not so sure on Torpedoes numbers. Take the two largest classes U-31 (early war model) had 6. U-93 class was up to 16 which was more a 1917 model. The VIIC had 14 torpedoes. Yes, it would be an issue, but even without changes it is manageable. Sure gasco abu dhabi contact with 6 torpedoes you have to come home faster, but you can largely ignore UK escorts ships and airplanes that would make the trip harder in WW2.

Now to get to the number of torpedoes. I guess we have to guess what % hit. The average long range freighter is in the 3,000 to 10,000 ton range. So with 50% and minimum tonnage, it is 10,000 per patrol. With 75% and max tonnage it is 40,000 tons per patrol. Each time you cycle out with 300 ships, you are might be sinking 3,000,000 tons a gas station to 12,000,000 tons. It does not look like a torpedo issue. Isn’t the UK merchant fleet only 20 million tons? And the Germans could have built ships with more torpedoes. Again to me, it does not look like technology issues, but leadership issues. The Germans had a naval weapon which could win the war, but did not figure out how to use it in the right way.

Click to expand…So it provides some useful information but not a lot. It basically let them know electricity a level physics how many U-boats were on merchant patrol and it would give them some idea of hit rate on torpedoes. I would assume the Admiralty had pretty good idea of number of ships lost each week to all causes. I don’t see a war winner, but I will c gastronomie mariage grant it is a clear flaw by the Germans. If one of the time they had surged from 3 to 30 U-boats on station in merchant warfare, they might have caught the merchant fleet off guard. But if I wrote a TL where I fixed the U-boat codes alone with no other changes, most people would have trouble telling it from OTL unless you happen to have memorized the number of ships sunk per bp gas prices akron ohio month IOTL.

And triangulation of the transmission was a mixed blessing. Yes, it is useful to know that there is two U-boats NW of Belfast. But the average error was 50-75 miles on the location of the transmission and it took 10-12 to get ship on station, so it endup wasting a lot of resources of the RN chasing ghost. Take a 50 mile error on original location and U-boat moving at 8 knots, you are off by 130 nm by the time the ASW arrives. Now this is presumably balance partially by merchants steering clear of U-boats, but if given a location 60 miles off the actual, I question if this is a big issue. I will not even guarantee that tighter radio procedures and unbroken U-boat codes would actually help.

Click to expand…Thanks. The book I used most who had access to both UK and German archives indicated electricity for refrigeration heating and air conditioning 9th edition pdf the average error was 50-75 miles (5-9 hours travel time). So the picture I have is the UK thought it had the U-boats within say an average circle of 10-30 miles and redirected convoys. The total error was likely over 100 miles assuming the U-boat was not patrolling in a limited patrol box. Add in enough fog of war, the UK could see it as big win, especially for gas and bloating after every meal the wartime leaders. Germany knows it is being triangulated, but figures it was not a big deal. It would take a lot of work to know if it was a big net gain for the UK.

Now with all the other mistakes the Germans made, I can easily see the U-boat commanders being very, very predictable. So once you triangulated them once, you could guess which patrol box they were in. It would also explain electricity for refrigeration heating and air conditioning answer key the inability of U-boats to show up at surface actions. The Germans were talking so much and predictable enough the Grand Fleet or Beatty simply sailed around them.